(Bloomberg) — Investors are increasingly shifting from bets that U.S. stocks will rise, flipping their cash into exchange-traded funds that profit when markets tumble.
About $218 million has flowed out of bullish leveraged ETFs tracking the S&P 500 Index this year through Monday, even as the benchmark rebounds from its worst month in almost a decade. Meanwhile, funds that capitalize on inverse movements in the benchmark have attracted almost three times that amount in inflows, putting them on course for their best month of asset gathering since July 2016, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.
The $2.3 billion ProShares Short S&P 500 ETF took in $380 million two weeks ago, its biggest weekly inflow since 2010. And investors have put money into triple-leveraged Direxion Daily S&P 500 Bear 3X Shares almost every day this year. S&P 500 futures rose 0.2 percent as of 11:16 a.m. in Hong Kong on Wednesday.
After coming within a hair of a bear market, the S&P 500 has rebounded 11 percent. But sentiment remains jittery as global economic data continue to worry investors, while uncertainties over the U.S.-China trade relationship drag on.
“We had a really tough December and there may be that change in price momentum which retail investors may be responding to,” said Timothy Moe, chief Asia-Pacific equity strategist at Goldman Sachs Group Inc. It’s one indication of sentiment “if people are taking bets on a highly levered instrument, whether it’s a warrant, an option or a levered ETF.”
Anyone who bought into leveraged bullish ETFs last month felt some pain, as losses magnified in a volatile market. With 2018 turning out to be a difficult year, strategists have pared their forward 12-month forecasts on the S&P 500. But they still see big gains coming, with a mean prediction of 2,906 for the benchmark by the end of the year — an 11 percent advance from Tuesday’s close.
Still, the reasons behind the moves in the ETFs may not be as clear as they seem. For example, traders could be using them to offset existing positions rather than for straight directional bets, according to Mark Tinker, head of Framlington Equities Asia at AXA Investment Managers in Hong Kong.
“I suspect that inverse ETF is a way of hedging a portfolio,” Tinker said. “For individuals it’s probably one of the few ways you can diversify and hedge.”
(Adds S&P 500 futures trading in third paragraph and updates index move in sixth paragraph.)
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